There’s been plenty of debate about teens and their social justice “slacktivism,” but how much truth is there to the claim that young people are only taking action with 140 characters or less? A new study from Barna shows that teens are actively engaged in service and volunteer projects and youth ministry is a primary channel through which they serve. In partnership with Youth Specialties and YouthWorks, Barna conducted a major study on the state of youth ministry in the United States, which included a look at service and volunteering trends among teens. Here are some of the key findings:
Teens Are Active Volunteers
Volunteer and service projects are a foundational element of youth ministry programs in churches across the country. According to their parents, a majority of teens (68%) are fairly active when it comes to volunteering at least once every few months: a little less than one fifth of teens (17%) volunteer once a week, one-quarter (25%) volunteer at least once a month, another one-quarter (26%) volunteer once every few months, and about one-third (32%) say they volunteer less often than that.
Teen Volunteering Focuses on Church Service and Poverty Alleviation
Teenagers are flocking to the local church when they feel the urge to volunteer. The most common forms of service for teens (as reported by their parents) are those associated with church/ministry (42%). Followed closely behind are feeding the hungry/helping the homeless (35%), educational (31%), and environmental/cleanup (28%). Less popular are volunteering with animals (20%), service trips (18%), social advocacy/political (11%), or medical or healthcare (10%).
The Church is Central to Teen Volunteering Efforts
The importance of the church when it comes to volunteering is a testament to the power of local congregations in galvanizing young people to serve their communities and the world. When parents of teens who attend youth group regularly are asked specifically whether their teen has participated in a service project with a church, six in 10 (61%) say yes. So what kinds of service projects are youth groups engaging? Parents of teens who volunteer with a church are most likely to say their kids did a day of service at church (52%). Outside of serving at church, they are most likely to spend a day serving in their town (48%). A little more than one-third of parents say their kids have an ongoing service commitment that they participate in on a regular basis (36%). Of course, many youth groups plan for longer service trips during the year. Just over one-third of parents say their kids go on service trips to a destination that could be reached in one day of driving (36%), about one in five say they go further than that (19%), somewhere in the U.S. that cannot be reached in one day of driving. What about foreign mission trips? Less than one-tenth of parents (8%) say they send their kids to serve at destinations outside the U.S.
Parental involvement and encouragement seems to be a key factor in teen service. Teenagers who attend church with their parents are more likely to participate in service with their church (60% of teens who attended church with their parent participated in service projects, vs only 16% of those who did not).
The Goals of Service Are to Love and Serve Others
Galatians 5:13 instructs Christians to “serve one another humbly in love,” and for youth pastors and parents, this is the most important goal of a missions trip. Loving and serving others (74% for pastors, 56% for parents) is the primary goal for both groups, followed by being the hands and feet of Jesus (56% for pastors, 40% for parents). Other notable goals for pastors and parents are discipleship for youth on the trip (41% for pastors), teaching and modeling compassion (30% for pastors, 34% for parents), and providing for the poor (30% for parents). Explicitly sharing the gospel on these trips is also considered either very important (69%) or somewhat important (23%) by more than nine in ten youth pastors (92%).
Debriefing and Follow-up are Important After a Trip
A common experience among teens who participate in service trips, especially after returning from an international trip and facing stark cultural and economic differences, is culture shock. Returning from these kinds of trips often requires some debriefing and follow-up, a practice valued highly among youth pastors. A large majority of youth pastors (81%) valued follow-up to a mission trip either extremely important (32%) or very important (49%). The types of follow-ups varied, but a majority of youth pastors followed up the mission trip experience by having teens share about the trip with other students (83%), reminding students about continuing service in their everyday life (75%) and by praying for those impacted by the trip (63%).
It’s clear youth pastors believe service and mission trips are an important element of youth ministry and teen discipleship, but do these experiences offer long term transformation? Parents seem to think so—among those whose teenager participated in a trip, their belief was that it made a lasting impression. Three-quarters (74%) say it definitely made a lasting impression, one quarter (24%) say it probably made an impression, and a small 2 percent say not really. Parents also feel the youth leader or pastor adequately prepared their teen before the trip (65% definitely, 31% somewhat), and adequately debriefed their teen after the trip (55% definitely, 40% somewhat).
What the Research Means
“On the one hand, our society tells teens that service and volunteerism are important hallmarks of a well-rounded individual,” says Brooke Hempell, vice president of research at Barna Group. “College-bound teens know this is an important element of their school application portfolio, and social media reinforces the idea that social justice and activism are “trendy.” On the other hand, each generation demonstrates an increasing self-absorption that runs counter to this trend—many Millennials say volunteering is more talk than action.
“The church, and youth groups in particular, have a unique opportunity to stand out as an authentic example of love through service by being the hands and feet of Jesus to those in need,” Hempell continues. “Parents and Youth Pastors alike know the importance of this, and many find service and missions trips more engaging to youth than trying to compete for being “the coolest place to hang out on a Friday night.” Further, through these experiences, teens learn first hand what the Gospel is and have tangible life lessons to reflect on in the weeks, months, or years that follow. It is clear that service is an important element to any successful teen discipleship effort.”
About the Research
This study included three surveys with representative random samples conducted among parents of teenagers, senior pastors of Protestant churches and youth pastors of Protestant churches.
The study of parents was conducted online and included 606 surveys among a representative random sample of adults 18 and older with children ages 13-19 within all 50 states and was conducted March 29th through April 7th, 2016. The sampling error for a sample of this size is +/-4 percentage points at the 95% confidence level. The response rate for the online study was 20%.
A total of 381 senior pastors of Protestant churches within all 50 states were surveyed online March 15th – June 7th, 2016. One method was using an online panel of Protestant senior pastors from a panel maintained by Barna (n=299). The second method was a random representative sample of Protestant pastors obtained from an outside list provider (n=82). The total sampling error for the total number of senior pastors is +/-5 percentage points at the 95% confidence level. The response rate for the panel maintained by Barna was 37%, and the response rate for the representative sample from an outside list provider was 20%.
A total of 352 youth pastors of Protestant churches within all 50 states were surveyed online March 15th-June 15th, 2016. One method was using an online panel of youth pastors from a panel maintained by Barna (n=51). The second method was a random representative sample of youth pastors obtained from an outside list provider (n=301). The total sampling error for the total number of youth pastors is + / -5 percentage points at the 95% confidence level. The response rate for the panel maintained by Barna was 47% and the response rate for the representative sample from an outside list provider was 8%.
Youth Specialties equips and encourages churches to help teenagers find and follow Jesus through training, events, and resources. Learn more at youthspecialties.com and visit NYWC.com to register for the National Youth Workers Convention, November 17-20 in Cincinnati, OH.
YouthWorks exists to connect teenagers to God, each other, and communities through life-changing Christ-Centered mission trips. Learn more at youthworks.com.
About Barna Group
The Barna Group is a private, non-partisan, for-profit organization under the umbrella of the Issachar Companies. Located in Ventura, California, Barna Group has been conducting and analyzing primary research to understand cultural trends related to values, beliefs, attitudes and behaviors since 1984.
© Barna Group, 2016.